Ceramics, the sum of all the plastic arts? (Photo report)

Autor Juan de Dios Mesa Nodal.Título Obbatalá.. Técnica Cerámica decorada. Año 2017.

Autor Juan de Dios Mesa Nodal.Título Obbatalá.. Técnica Cerámica decorada. Año 2017.

By Lázaro David Najarro Pujol

June, 2021.- Ceramics are part of the folklore, traditions and popular culture of communities or regions. It is generally passed down from generation to generation. It is developed by men and women who carry out their work by hand or with different devices. The Cuban aborigines were able to create beautiful and consistent pottery.

In the city of Camagüey, there is a broad movement of potters, many of them are part of the Cuban Association of Artisan Artists. The English creator and professor Bernard Leach, (1887-1979), who is considered the “Father of British study ceramics” meant: Beauty comes from the heart and spills through the potter’s fingers.

In a review entitled History of pottery and ceramics in Cuba, published on the Radio Ciudad de La Habana portal [1] he points out: Ceramics have been one of the most important cultural events that humanity has faced in its founding march to over time.

In addition, it is reaffirmed: Together with the study of architecture and daily customs, ceramics provide decisive data on the history and characteristics of a civilization and the people that built it, whether it was ancient, large and developed, or whether it was it was about a small and primitive town.

As far as the ceramic samples found in the settlements of our primitive ancestors have been investigated, it seems certain that they arrived on this island at the beginning of the 8th century of our era, coming from the Orinoco area, Venezuela, from where they brought with them a Very characteristic ceramic, recognizable for its red pigmentation, typical of the Caribbean, and for the variety and beauty of its designs. It is assumed that the oldest ceramic to arrive in Cuba was that of the group called subtaíno.

The publication acknowledges that its production in Cuba began in 1617 in Puerto Príncipe, hpy Camagüey: According to chronicles of the time, this happened in the workshop of a Spaniard named Simón Recio, who became warden of the aforementioned town.

Meanwhile Rodrigo Bononoe [2] emphasized: If we think that the ceramist is a potter, a sculptor and a painter, and that as a potter he creates from nothing and makes it of clay in the way of God, and that as a sculptor he performs in the three dimensions (or in all four, to speak in the language of the time), and also paints like painters, we will have to admit that ceramics is the most complete of the arts. And if the definition is somewhat vague due to its absolutism, it is the sum of all the plastic arts. It is important to recognize its plural and capital character, which is still enriched by its condition of being the popular art par excellence. (Photos by the author)(Translated by Linet Acuña Quilez)

[1] History of pottery and ceramics in Cuba. https://www.radiociudadhabana.icrt.cu/2018/05/07/recibe- Presidente-cubano-secretario-general-naciones-unidas/

[2] http://www.kutiry.com/poesia/oficiodelbarro.htm


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